nuclear arms treaty :. The new hail activists was for nuclear disarmament

Honduras has become the 50th country to ratify the Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons so now enter into force in 90 days time

But what really succeed remains in doubt because the five nuclear powers recognized have not signed the agreement.

hope supporters, however, have a deterrent effect. What's in the treaty?

The agreement was approved by 122 countries in the UN General Assembly in 2017, but had to be ratified by at the least 50 before being enacted.

He declares that those countries that ratify it must "never under any circumstances to develop, test, produce, produce, otherwise acquire, possess or arsenal of nuclear weapons or other nuclear explosive devices". Css-1pzprxn-BulletListContainermargin-left: 1.5rem; CSS-1pzprxn-BulletListContainer

  • has been activated nuclear self-destruction
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    The treaty bans the use or threat of use of nuclear weapons and signatories bars to allow "any construction, installation or use of any kind of nuclear weapons or other nuclear explosive devices" in its territory .

    What has been the reaction?

    The International Campaign to Abolish Nuclear Weapons (ICAN) describes the 50th ratification as heralding "a new chapter for nuclear disarmament".

    Beatrice Fihn, the head of Ican, who was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 2017, said: "Decades of activism have achieved what was impossible that many said :. Nuclear weapons are prohibited " copyrightGetty Imagesimage captionBeatrice Fihn Ican praised the agreement

    President of the International Committee of the Red Cross, Peter Maurer, said:" Today is a victory for humanity, and the promise of a future safer."

    A statement of the Secretary General of the UN, Antonio Guterres, described the move as "a significant commitment to the total elimination of nuclear weapons, which is the highest priority on the disarmament of the United Nations".

    There has been no immediate reaction from the five major nuclear powers - the US, Russia, China, Britain and France. However, the US and the UK made clear his opposition in 2017. The United Kingdom said that at the time that while committed to a world free of nuclear weapons, the government does not believe that the treaty will put an end to nuclear weapons and could undermine existing efforts to do so, such as the Treaty on the non-proliferation of nuclear weapons.

    The United States, in a letter to the Associated Press, wrote to the treaty signatories saying the deal "turns back in time in the verification and disarmament".

    How many nuclear weapons are out there?

    Still around 14,000, but considerably less than the 70,000 known to exist in the medium 1980.

    The United States and Russia have the most, followed by France, China and the United United. India, Pakistan and North Korea are also nuclear powers. Israel is widely believed to have nuclear weapons but refuses to confirm or deny. What is being done to remove them?

    The Non-Proliferation Treaty, endorsed by 190 countries in 1970, commits countries which signed up, including the US, Russia, France, the UK and China, to reduce their stock and bars others from acquiring nuclear weapons.

    India, Pakistan and Israel did not sign and North Korea left in 2003. the United States, Russia and the UK have been reducing their inventories.

    Russia and the US are trying to extend their last remaining nuclear weapons agreement which expires in February.

    New Start, signed in 2010, limits the number of long-range nuclear warheads each can hold 1,550.

    The United States recently withdrew from another treaty, the Treaty of Intermediate Range Nuclear Forces signed during the Cold War, after accusing Russia of violating it.

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